Setting Up a Fly Fishing Reel : Fly Fishing Nail Knots

Okay, the next one we're going to do is the nail knot, and that's going to be used to tie the backing to the fly line and we're going to do it with the nail knot tool I'll show you, in a second, another way to do it without a nail knot tool

Okay, first you want to put the fly line in the nail knot tool like so, then we take the backing, lay that in there with the nail knot tool And what we're going to do is just wrap the end of the backing over itself and the fly line and we're going to go this way And we only need to make four wraps, so we're going to go one, two, three, four Okay, now, that nail knot tool is designed so we can take the end of that and just slide it underneath the wraps we just made Okay, once you get it through there, the tricky part is keeping those wraps nice and even while we pull it tight

First we pull it tight from the short end And then we pull the long end and slide the whole thing off the nail-knot tool Then keep it trapped under your fingers, tighten it up, and then you give it a nice, even pull on either side, and when you're done it looks like that The trick with this particular knot is that it grabs the fly line when you tighten it up and it doesn't just rip right off So, that's the knot you need to do to tie your backing to your fly line

Setting Up a Fly Fishing Reel : Fly Fishing Needle Knot for Leader

Okay, we're going to attach the liter to the fly line again, but this time we're going to do it with a needle We're still doing a nail knot, but we're just going to do it a little bit easier way

Same thing, we're going to line up the fly line and the needle, you see the eye of the needle here And then we're going to have the liter going the opposite direction through here And we're going to grab that end of the liter, wrap it back this way toward the end of the needle and the end of the fly line, four wraps, that's all we need One, two, three, four And then we'll take the end of the liter, poke it through the eye of the needle, and then pull that back through the loops that we just made

And this is a little bit easier because, once again, we do not have to worry so much about the loops sliding because they're much snugger than they were in the nail knot tool So we'll pull the needle out, that pulls the end of the liter out, snug it up, pull both ends of the liter nice and tight And that's what it looks like when it's done You can clip it off as close as you want here, and as close as you want here and it shouldn't slide out You just want to give it a good hard tug to test it

If it doesn't come out now, then it probably won't ever come out

Setting Up a Fly Fishing Reel : Fly Fishing Surgeon’s Knot

The next thing we're going to do is a little section on loop knots And, there's a lot of different reasons you might want to use a loop

Either to attach your backing to your fly line, or, the leader to a fly line, or even to attach the tid-bit to the end of the liter The loop is a lot easier way to do it and a lot of times you don't have to tie the knot, the nail knot or the needle nail knot And a lot of times if you even attach a tidbit to the end of your liter, you can pre-loop short sections of tidbit, carry them with you and then instead of having to tie that really thin tidbit with your cold fingers, or you know in poor light conditions you can just do a loop-to-loop connection which is a lot quicker and a lot easier So we'll do several different loops and I'll show you several different applications for those loops All the way from a, the easiest which is probably the serpents loop, up to the harder perfection loop, and even a Biminis twist, which is a really fancy way to make another loop, just to attach a fly line to a liter

Setting Up a Fly Fishing Reel : Fly Fishing Wrapped Loop

Another loop we could make is what we call a wrapped loop And basically what we're doing is we're going to take the rope, for demonstration, and the fly line and we're going to double over our material and then we're going to use some lighter material to actually wrap over that connection and it actually makes a really, really strong connection

Basically just take your, you know, we'll use thread when we go to a smaller material, but here we'll use fly line and just start right above where the two materials come back together and make nice Neat wraps Usually depending on the diameter of the materials you are using, maybe half an inch or so, that's all you need And then most people will tie, will knot this in here and coat that with some types of glue and that will make that connection really strong So basically, just taking some thinner material, wrapping it around the base of your loop, making nice tight wraps

Maybe, to finish it off just do a couple of overhand knots or granny knots, nothing too fancy because we're going to use a glue to finish that of And that's what it'll look like in a heavier material We'll do that fly line in a second and you'll see what I'm talking about

Fly Fishing Knots & Techniques : Putting a Whip Finish Behind Your Lure’s Bed Head

Hi! I’m Jim Dowd at Zoar Outdoor for Expert Village to talk with you about fly casting and fly fishing So the next step and the final step is to put a whip finish right behind the bead head, and the way you do that is you catch the fly line in a loop, as you can see with my thumb and my fingers, or use a whip finish tool

This is a one hand whip finish So you catch it and you make 7 turns; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 and you’ve got a loop Reach over, and I grab my dubbing needle and pull down with the bobbin and nice and slowly and evenly I guide that loop back in Draw it smoothly and snuggly I do 3 more for insurance; 1, 2 and 3

That just protects the first knot in case things start to work loose, but it is exactly the same step repeated Work it in, seat it, put the needle on the magnet, slide your scissors down, clip and there you have it; the wooly bugger One of the most effective fresh water flies there is

Fly Fishing Knots & Techniques : How to Work with Chicken Feather on Your Line When Fly Fishing

Hi! I’m Jim Dowd with Zoar Outdoor for Expert Village to talk with you about fly casting and fly fishing So the next step is to work the thread down now that the ends of the marabou are even

Just work it down to the bend in the hook and take the estaz, which will be the body material and tie that in using a loop, make 2 turns; 3, 4, 5 and just let that hang for a moment Next before I wrap the estaz on I want to strip this chicken feather so that I can work with it I am going to use this part, and the part that I don’t use, I’ll just strip right off just like that leaving the stem of the feather for me to use as I wrap I’ll put this in my waste control system, take the very end of the chicken feather and grasp it so that I have just the tips sticking out, and wrap the tip with the thread onto lashing it onto the hook Now I just work the thread in concentric wraps all the way back up to this bead

The next step is to take the body material, separate it carefully from the marabou, and begin to wrap that around the shank of the hook Make 1 or 2 wraps behind the chicken feather and then slowly wrap it carefully up toward the front of the hook

Fly Fishing Knots & Techniques : Learn What Types of Prey Trout Eat

Hi! I’m Jim Dowd at Zoar Outdoor for Expert Village to talk with you about fly casting and fly fishing Well on the subject of prey, also if you look on the surface of the water, often times you can see little things floating by and you will find insects floating in the surface film; and in this case I have kind of a sulfur colored May fly

These are called Spence spinners, and trout love to eat them We are in the early part of June and this particular hatch is really prolific on the Deerfield River, but if you can identify spinners like this in the water and then open up your dry fly box and find a fly that will match them, for example a tangerine spinner like one of these You’ll see that one of these flies, even though they don’t look exactly alike, will be a really good representation that you could use, and if you see trout rising on the surface, little rings on the surface, chances are very strong that they will be eating these spinners and you’ve got a good start to begin with

Fly Fishing Knots & Techniques : Understand Line Patterns & How to Use Them When Fly Fishing

Hi! I’m Jim Dowd with Zoar Outdoor for Expert Village to talk with you about fly casting and fly fishing Now what I am doing is I am wrapping this thread all the way down to the bend in the hook

You get about half-way you can cut off the end and put it in your waste basket So I am wrapping the thread one turn against the next all the way down the hook right till the point of where the straight part goes into the curve, and at this point, we are going to tie in the marabou For this particular pattern, I am using black marabou on a windy day, and it is going to dance all over the place, but you can see the wind working this marabou One of the reasons this stuff works so well, is because it undulates in the water the same way So what I do is I take out the very tip of the marabou like this and I cut it off and put it in my waste control system, and I tease out about half an inch of the marabou material just about like this

You see I separate the marabou material, pull the stuff apart so that I have that much I put it against the bend in the hook and I just draw it down nice and gently, make 2 turns, and now I am going to measure this marabou against the length of the shaft up to the hook Length of the shaft to the hook is about that long, so I am going to draw it back up this way so that the marabou is just the length of the shaft of the hook I clip this off, right there and that part is done

Fly Fishing Knots & Techniques : Learn the Different Types of Nets to Use When Fly Fishing

I’m Jim Dowd at Zoar Outdoor for Expert Village to talk with you about fly casting and fly fishing Using a landing net is the best way to land a fish humanely and to handle it safely

There are several different kinds of nets and different kinds of sizes This size is the kind that is most commonly used by wading fishermen; this and slightly larger You will notice that the mesh in the bag is very fine mesh, and this is good because the fish’s gill and other body parts won’t protrude through this mesh and get hurt The net also can be attached by means of a magnet, so that you can wear it either off your shoulder or around your belt and pull it out and make use of it quite conveniently and easily and then put it back This net, which is more of a boat net, has the same fine mesh and has a different attachment system

The ring is attached with a little squeezed device and you can take it out like this With a big nut like this, I really like to have a rubber band to hold the nut against the shaft so that it won’t get in the way and get caught on things, either in the boat or while you are walking through the forest getting to the water One thing about this mesh: even though it protects fish beautifully is that it catches fish hooks, and if you catch a fish hook that is in a trout’s mouth, it is very difficult to unhook the fish and the fly simultaneously So a relative new design which is really excellent is this rubber bag mesh A hook will go into this mesh and come right out without any difficulty whatsoever

There it is in the mesh right now, and now its not You would take 5 or 10 minutes in some cases to release that if it were a mesh net These nets attach wonderfully the same way with the little clip Now imagine this relief as a trout So all you need to do is bring it head fist in the net, get the net in the water Once the head is in the net, raise it very gently and you’ve got your fish

If this were a trout, and this were the tail out here and I tried to catch the fish this way, the trout would feel the net in its tail, it’s headed that way and it would just scoot away So always bring the fish to you into the net head first, that way it will swim if anywhere right into the net

Fly Fishing Knots & Techniques : Learn Wading & Water Safety Tips When Fly Fishing

Hi! I’m Jim Dowd at Zoar Outdoor for Expert Village to talk with you about fly casting and fly fishing As in any sport, you need to be aware of safety issues with regard to fly fishing

One of the things you need to know about which we’ve already talked about is to make sure you are wearing a hat for protection and glasses The other thing to bear in mind is that when you are wading in a moving river, you have issues that what you endanger you need to pay careful attention to The first is foot entrapment Foot entrapment is the easiest hazard to avoid, but it is also one that can kill you in an instant Because what happens with foot entrapment is that you can get your foot stuck underneath an obstacle like a ledge such as this in heavy current, and if it knocks you down, the flow will put you on the bottom of the river and you can’t extricate yourself, so you are going to live only as long as you can hold your breath

The easiest way to avoid foot entrapment is to be very careful about where you put your feet, and as a general rule never wade above mid thigh Another way to avoid that is to use a wading staff, which this happens to be one called a full staff As you can see, this one has been used for a long time This particular full staff is almost 30 years old, so they are really durable A ski pole or a stick will serve you just fine

This way you’ve got a 3 point control system, so that if you do have to wade out to mid thigh, you take your time, place your staff down, get one anchor with one foot and then move the other With the 3 point control system, 2 points are always solid, so you don’t move until you’ve got that solid position Now I’m at mid knee depth, and I wouldn’t go out any further probably than just beyond that eddy line, because that looks like it is a little more than waist deep Chest waders are fine People wear those all the time, but I strongly encourage you not to go much more than mid thigh because otherwise you will be fishing where the trout are, standing where the trout are, and where you should be fishing

The other things to know about safety is if you do go in, get your feet pointed down stream and your toes up near the surface That way you will avoid foot entrapment Back stroke toward the shore; you can even use your fly rod to help move you It provides you with an awful lot of leverage in the surface and it is almost like a paddle So remember safety at all times