How Does a Trout Catch a Fly?: Marinaro’s

anglers often asked what fly will catch a trout I want to turn that question on its head and explore how a trout recognizes and intercepts the fly drifting towards it on the surface of the water the answer may give an insight into how to design effective trout flies and why our artificial flies are sometimes ignored by feeding trout trout see the world through a skylight or circular window surrounded by a mirror Marinaro's great insight was to recognize how trout use the position of the fly in this window to make an effective rise Because of the laws of refraction fish cannot see objects which lie below an angle of 10 degrees to the water surface at the edge of their window

The red triangles in these diagrams show this blind spot extending outwards all around the edge of the trout's window this is why we adopt a stealthy approach when casting to a rising trout We often judge where to cast a fly by noting where a trout rises to take a natural fly but there is a flaw in this approach which has been explained by Vince Marinaro It turns out that trout get advanced warning of a fly long before it appears in their window trout are able to see parts of an insect or artificial fly that rests on or punctures the mirror The bodies of emerging flies break through the water surface, they hang beneath the mirror the legs of duns resting on the surface also create a light pattern that triggers the start of the rise A number of authors have provided photographic evidence that trout can see the wings of approaching insects in their window

The wings of an insect that protrude above an angle of greater than 10 degrees to the water surface are potentially visible in the window therefore a trout has two cues that an approaching object may be edible: firstly body parts that break through the mirror and secondly wings appearing in the window There are photograph in Clark and Goddard's book that show that when the insect reaches the edge of the trout's window a crucial event takes place: the wings body and legs of the insect merged together Marinaro provides similar photographs and he summed up his extensive observational studies of trout feeding behavior in these important words: it is an inescapable conclusion that the trout places the fly always at the edge of the window for all purposes viewing inspecting and taking Why does the trout keep the fly at the edge of the window? I think trout behave in this way in order to judge the exact position of the fly By keeping the fly in a precise position relative to their body the trout stands a very good chance of engulfing the insect, I'm not for one moment suggesting that trout do mathematical calculation, but I am suggesting that the trout's behavior has evolved in response to the physical laws which describe their everyday environment We know that the trout's window has a width of 97 degrees and that the radius of the trout's window is a precise function of the depth of the trout in the water, and therefore the distance between the trout and the insect can be calculated

Because this distance is a precise function of the depth of the trout in the river the trout stands a very good chance of successfully ingesting a fly if they drift downstream keeping the insect on the edge of the window The acquisition of this skill may involve learning maturation and practice The main message from this analysis is that a successful trout fly should present a primary trigger stimulus that penetrates the mirror this engages the trout's attention and initiates the rise: wings on the artificial may act as cues during a rise to maintain the trout's movement towards the fly Marinaro's Theory can also account for how a trout intercepts a natural or artificial fly swimming beneath the surface As the sunk fly approaches the fish sees two images: the actual fly and its reflection in the mirror and then a single image when the fly crosses the edge of the fish's window

By keeping the fly on the edge of the window the trout stands a very good chance of engulfing the insect

What is a Waddington Shank | Fly Tying Tip for Intruder Flies and Big Streamers

hey how's it going so one question I get a lot around a flight ID and some Steelhead flies that I tie our Waddington shanks what are they and why should I use them so start things off what are they they are a double Waddington shank I guess the technical term here you can see for a top view of one what it is it's a return I so here's your eye up front it's an upturned eye and it's a double so it comes all the way up it goes all the way down and returns back for a closed loop you can if you want less weight you can cut off one side you can actually hardwired hooks into them so there instead of using a hook it's a platform to tie a fly on that allows a lot of adaptation and variations so I mentioned about you can tie them stinger style and what they really do is they allow you to use on a fly that could be this big so this is a fly tight on a right here's a 45 millimeter Waddington there's a big intruder style fly and the hook that's in there is only a size four so you're able to really size down and use small hooks that will be less leverage when you're hooking a fish whenever you're playing them out you'll be able to tie a big fly with a small hook they make different sizes I've got some 15 millimeter there's 45 55 35 and there's 25 s as well so full length those sizes here's what you can do with like a 25 millimeter a nice simple kind of scandi style pattern easy to cast has some inherent weight but can also have be a platform for a nice large fly or you can even do something like this this is a 25 millimeter Waddington shank on a cascade style pattern for Atlantic salmon this fly has actually been fish caught fish and it's nice for this one though the little bit different is the hook is actually hardwired into it so where treble hooks are a little more prevalent you can actually on this return piece right there you could hardline a hook into there I use a piece of junction to but to hold it in place these style of flies are not anything new they've gained a lot of popularity recently in intruder style patterns and Pacific Northwest steelhead great lake steelhead but these have been around since 1950s hopefully I dispelled some myths about Waddington shanks or at least you got to see what they are check out these videos flies that I've tied on Waddington shanks you can see how to do the rigging how I rigged them with an eye up intruder style hook Waddington shanks pretty cool stuff 4/4 time big flies thanks

Partridge and Purple Soft Hackle | Fly Tying for Trout

hey how's it going it's Kevin today I wanted to show very easy to tie soft hackle it only requires two materials and it's super easy to time starting off in the vise I've got a wet heavy supreme size 14 from partridge and I'm going to be using black sheer 40 knots so I'm going to run a thread base all the way down for the body which fly I'm going to be using the lag urchin it's a French mini flat braid purple color so I'm going to cut off a section at about 4 inches long and what I'm going to do is I'm going to tie that into rate before the bend and then you take this into your stuff Palmer forward barely having touching on the overlapping wraps I just make it a nice clean solid base and then I'm use apart Ridge feather for the soft tackle here I've already pulled one off the skin nice length on the fibers they're kind of going right back into the venomous fly so I'm going to take away all the fluff off the bottom here and now with this feather you won't the convex side facing you you're going to pull back all the bottom fibers and look at the tip and if you go to tie this in and you're tied in by the tip if you think as you're rotating you want these nice privacy facing you on this side so you're going to unzip here on the convex convex side facing you gonna pick up all the left side fibers there's still a couple little fluffy ones down there that I want to get rid of and then go ahead and tie this in by the tip and then I'm also going to take the tip here I'm gonna push it back and tie one two over top of that and then the tip is ready to be taken off here and you can tie with some hackle pliers you want to make sure that you're doing these wraps and they are touching but they are not overlapping and you're brushing your fibers back candy see I got a few are there some people expressing those back they take your whip finish and you make a nice little head on the front and then finish this off on these a little bit of Sally Hansen instead of using the brush I'm actually going to put on a bodkin and take a little bit I just kind of touch on the front there just clean up the eye and so there's a super easy to tie soft hackle if you liked this video please give it a like or subscribe to my channel for more content or check out these other videos that I've done there's a full mix of flying videos there's some gear videos if you like this one leave a comment if you're looking for another video go ahead and feel free to message me but thanks for watching have a good one

How to Catch Trout – Trout Flies and Fishing for Trout

No knowledge or theory but a firm belief Today is a video day

And what's great about video days is that it includes fishing for trout So, we are checking out Varisjoki River Confessions of a fly angler

I rarely tie to my own trout flies Don't be shocked Today I bought awesome new trout flies I will try these fishing for trout With this one I've caught a salmon, trout, rainbow trout and a grayling Grayling with a smaller one So I have a high trust on these ones

How to catch trout By dumb luck No knowledge or theory but a firm belief to catch trout I'm so happy I lost my sunglasses I had them on my hat

I don't know where I dropped them Iso kala What an awesome start for the day First how to catch trout And it was awful awesome fight on the apex of a rapid after that each of us caught a trout Unbelievable

And then we head back home And now you get out there

Learning which Spring Flies to use on the Poudre River Colorado (Slam Part 1)

hey everyone my name is CJ and I believe that everyone can catch trophy fish in Colorado I'm still learning how to fly fish but I hope that it'll be encouraging to other beginners to see my progress at fly fishing so today I'm challenging myself to a fly-fishing slam where I hope to catch fish on three different patterns of fly I got bites on a prince nymph so I went out and bought three different patterns of prince nymphs and I'll show nice pictures of them later but here's a box I've got three different patterns and that's the goal is to catch a fish on each one of those patterns so let's get to it I'm gonna start in this spot which has been the most productive for me so far and then we're going to move on and explore other spots Ooh this water is cold! I did it! All right, beautiful brown trout there he is, look at those colors! Wow Wow alright dude I'm gonna let you go don't worry Oh that was awesome, that was awesome! Got him on that psycho Prince Nymph that's awesome one part of the slam is complete all right I'm tied up now

Next fly that we're gonna use is a Double beaded Prince nymph so I'm excited because I did catch a fish on this fly the other day, so it should be easy right? Alright, let's get to it Nice, got one, oh he's coming towards me No! Aww he looked pretty big, he got off

Wow that's okay nice got one on, go one on its taking me for a trip Nice! Nice, nice, nice! oh oh that's a good one Wow, Wow! Come here dude, get your head up Get your head up, yeah I know come on I know yes nice brown trout! my heart is beating so fast oh my goodness why do they have to scare me like that? Look at that nice brown trout double bead prince nymph right there Alright bro, I'm gonna let you go Mr

Brown, Mr brown trout nice colors look at that nice fish let's let him go there he goes whoo and he's off Yes! Two out of three of the slam complete I missed a pretty good one earlier but that's okay I need to take a break and let my hands warm up because the water is freakin freezing We did it! looking good looking good very nice spots beautiful young brown trout There he goes, see ya dude

alright completed the slam that was awesome I'm gonna get out of the water a little bit it's still very early it's like 9 o'clock I have until 2:00 today so it's awesome that I completed this slam so early But my feet are very cold so I need to take a break I don't know whether my waders are leaking or not I think they are but it's hard to tell, so let's get out of the water and I'm probably gonna keep fishing hopefully if my waders are not leaking I just need to take a break that's all

Renessanssimies: perhoja pinnalla | The Renaissance Man: Flies on the Surface (Eng subtitles)

The fly-fisher's rule is to examine what the fish eats: Take a small black fly and catch one fish with it Then open its stomach and look what it has eaten

Then you can choose the right fly The Renaissance Man: Flies on the Surface Lappeenranta, Finland I was at River Oulanka with Esu for the very first time, and never before had I been fly-fishing Esu bought some fly set, and I didn't know anything about tying a fly We had visited Oulanka river with Jaska for years – paddled the same rapids and stuff I thought that could I really catch a fish with this fly

Could something actually grab this? Then I threw, and it felt nice There was some kind of glory in it English lords fly-fish, of course Then in my new pair of waders, and with my rod, in the middle of the first rapid of River Oulanka I threw And suddenly a finger long grayling caught the fly

What a miracle it was In the evening we are going fishing The fish has to be lured It cannot be just taken, nor will it come by force I remember when we were tying flies at Jimppa's place with Esu and Iski, and we made a black gnat

It imitates a tiny blackfly or caddisfly, and it needs a little hook Like this This is placed in a tying pliers Here are all kinds of accessory Here is some lac, hooks – and these are leftover feathers

This is a spigot And this is called setting up a fly – maybe there are better names for it, but I call it setting up I have these surgeon's scissors, which are quite convenient A bench like this is useful, because tying is much easier, and all the stuff fits here And what should we mimic? The insects are surfacing, hatching and taking off

The creature has been crawling the bottom and eating for three whole years Then finally it comes up as a totally transformed being and spreads its wings It's fascinating Now we take some dubbing There are many styles, but I do it like this

I make a loop here Then I use this instrument to make a gap between the strings The hair is in between now Then I start to circulate, and it entwines like this You can also put some wax on a string and go around it

It must be a more common style Like this we get a hairy body, at the head, too Now we should make a hackle This is called a parachute hackle A neck feather of a rooster

It looks like this We begin to roll carefully When the insect is on the surface, looks like it has legs Something is coming like from another dimension The surface is an event horizon

You cannot see beyond it And then something comes through it and catches If you are using a worm as a bait, you feel a tug, and you know there's something in the deep But with a fly bait the creature has to come to this world, to the surface Now we can almost call this ready, but still the wings need to be cut to the proper length

I would say it's somewhere here The lac should be carefully put There's a risk that it will mess the hackle Well, OK I think, we'll try to catch a fish with this fly, when the evening comes, what was it? A rudd

EQUIPMENT The fly-fisher’s suit is a vest like this The pockets contain certain things that a certain fisher needs Everything is always in its right place A fly case made by an artist This is a unique, precious item

And it includes all these flies One thing is the equipment-centeredness When the rod costs a thousand euros and the reel costs another thousand euros They certainly are great, English Hardy, but then there are some Japanese replicants They cost a hundred euros

I bought my favourite rod from Lidl, and it was a bargain And it's so good But the reel is a bit more expensive It must have cost less than a hundred, I recall I think that if it's all about the equipment, how expensive and fine they are, the fishing itself might be easily forgotten

A human is like a magpie, buying all those expensive things But one doesn't get any happier by doing so I guess the thing is that when you manage to make a fly with your own hands, from cheap materials, and witness the miracle of catching a fish, that's a pleasure A happy surprise, I would say They say that the hole shouldn't be blocked

You shouldn't tie too close Now I did just like that, and there isn't enough space in front of it So I have to make little gimmicks and put this Now we tie the head They are very strict about not doing it wrong

But I'm not a fly-fisher like that, so I have to do it this way, because I can't do it right But anyway, in the end all that matters is to make the fly by yourself, and if you catch a fish with it, that's the fun part Could it be? It is Look, dull scissors Like that

OK, now it's free from lac Now we have three flies, and as the evening news air, we should have a chance to catch a rudd But as said, it will be given, not taken We should ask for it, from whom, I don't know From someone

Lake Saimaa I'll make a knot like this This is called a surgeon's knot, when you combine two knots like these It should be as thin as possible, because the fly itself is also tiny Then I use spit to make it a clean knot The trot… And now I have to take another fly, because the first one was left on the windy side of the bridge

Let's take a new black gnat from this beautiful box A knot Like this… My father taught this knot to me I'll cut off that extra part I'll put some floating substance

The fly doesn't get wet Then a couple of blows to make it look like an insect Well, let's throw then In the evening, during sunset, the caddisflies and butterflies start to hatch It's interesting to watch

There are flies in all sizes: big and small Often you don't fish at all You just watch the flies hatch Sometimes just the throwing itself feels nice Even without any fly or bait

The throwing is all you want to do There's a certain rhythm It feels satisfying, when you succeed when the line stays airborne for a long time and then falls on the desirable spot Alright, there's a fish

Let's see, if we can get it up Some fish it certainly is It's a roach Take it easy, roach So we got this kind of a fish with that fly we tied earlier today

The roach is a fine fish Let's set it free, take the hook off and throw it back to water Like that There it goes We got a fish! Let's see if we get another one

This fly has to be rinsed a bit, because it's a bit slimy after getting eaten by that roach The roach is as valuable as any other fish They catch salmons and others, and it's great But the roach is also nice… and beautiful I'll dry this fly with my sleeve and blow it like this, to make it fluffy again

I think we have a good fly here, because that roach already took it I already told about opening the stomach, seeing what the fish has eaten and then choosing the right fly At River Oulanka we really experienced it in practice When Esu got a grayling, opened it and found ants… in it's stomach I considered there should probably be some red and black in the fly

Then we found some flies of that color And guess what, graylings started to rise from the water time and again We realized that it's more than just lottery That you really can think and examine, and then it works! This is a slower style of fishing This is like… You can't just rush it

Although, it will speed you up, when you spot some bigger action in the water Then the fly hurries it's way to the scene It causes some unnecessary confusion Let's use this – the mayfly mimic It will draw attention if it gets in the right place, I'm sure

When you're at the river, in your waders, in a waist-deep, flowing water, and you have to craft this same stuff, you may feel like a juggler Alright… I think this looks pretty fine If I was a fish, I would gladly snatch this Like that Now it's underwater

Look, there's a fish This fly floats neatly So this other fly works as well What could it be? A roach or what? Well, a roach it is Hey, calm down, little roach

It goes like… It's a pretty roach, isn't it? But let's put it back We don't want to tease this poor creature There it goes So also this mayfly attracts fish And if a roach took it, any other species would do the same – a grayling or a trout – they have the same diet, you know

If it deceives a roach, it deceives anyone What is it, when a child gets something? What's the joy? It's the miracle of something appearing Juhani Aho once wrote about a little boy, who finally brings home something actually useful, – like fish The Renaissance Man: Filming, sound recording and production: Aerial footage: Music: English translation and subtitles: Ville Nikunen